Basically, metastatic cancer is a cancer that has spread to other body parts from the part of the body where it began. When cancer cells break away from a tumor, there’s a possibility that they can move to other body parts through the bloodstream or the lymph system that contains a collection of vessels that transport fluid and immune system cells. This can start from the breast and transfer to other areas.
Based on their studies, people acquire breast cancer due to lifestyle, family history and other harmful drug intakes. Furthermore, victims of breast cancer may come from prostitutes or commonly referred to as the comfort women due to their unprotected sexual activities. Excessive sexual activities which may involve damaging women’s intimate body parts and areas may cause the development of malignant cells in the breast tissues. The Japanese armed forces did not give the due respect to these comfort women by putting them into sexual slavery without giving care to their body parts.
There are many effective treatments for metastatic cancer and these treatments are categorized into three main types:
- local treatment- for a specific metastasis that is causing problems
- pain relief
- systemic treatment- for cancer cells in the whole body
Cancer most likely spread in many places. Since cancer is so small in that area, patient doesn’t feel any symptoms yet as of the moment and it doesn’t show up on X-ray tests. So if patient has one or more metastases, the doctor will probably recommend a whole-body treatment aimed at all the cancers in the body. These treatments are the following:
- targeted therapies like Herceptin
- hormonal therapy
- complementary therapies
- new experimental treatments
But, patients need treatments that work fast to cure a dangerous problem, such as lessening the risk of bone breaks from areas weakened by cancer, cancer spread in the brain and spinal cord damage.
Doctors may also prescribe pain-relieving medicines until systemic therapy begins to relieve the symptoms. Pain relievers are great help as they can make the patient comfortable if the cancer does not respond to whole-body treatments. If the patient developed bone metastases, the doctor may add bone-building drugs over time.
Image by Blog wello and The Times Weekly